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KATHMANDU VALLEY
 KATHMANDU: 
sKathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Which is situated at an altitude of 1336m above thesea level and covers an area of 218 squar miles. with three historic, artistic and cultural towns namely Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur together form what is known as the `Kathmandu Valley'. Kathmandu is the hub of Nepal's traditional culture and arts. This is the place for rest, relaxation and easy-day sightseeing of historic and artistic temples and monuments, and mountain views. Being the capital city of Nepal, it offers much services including international airlines, hotels and other facilities. One also enjoys Kathmandu for night life, shopping and of course for the mountain views. Once a separate kingdom in itself, it contains four major cities, Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur and Kiritipur. The valley looks like a medieval city. It is a city of temples and shrines where worship of God and Goddesses is a part of daily life. The Pagoda was invented here which was later exported to China and Japan. The top attractions of Kathmandu include the Durbar Square that is the heart of the city. There are more than 50 Temples and shrines within a few blocks of Durbar means "palace" and it was from the Royal Palace on the square that the kings of Nepal once ruled. The valley is rich in places of both Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage. These two religions have been quite brotherly residing within the kingdom since time immemorial.

Kathmandu is known As - The Capital of NepalPictures of Nepal
- City of Temples
- Woodmandu
- Catmando

Total Popullation of Kathmandu Approx 1 Million.
Nearly 4% of Nepal's total population (26 Million) is in Kathmandu.
Total Area 218 square miles (351 square Kilometer)
Altitude 133 meter to 1350 meter
Median Age of Marriage 22 Male, 20 Female
Life Expectancy Male 58, Female 57

Did you know that Nepal is the only country in the world where Male has higher life expectancy? Drinking Water Problem Inspite of Nepal having abundant water resources, Kathmandu has never-ending water shortage problem. Do not drink water straight from the tap as underground water pipes have high deadly metal and arsnic contents. Boil water, filter it using standard water-filter before use.


Pollution

Kathmandu is Nepal's most polluted city caused mainly by emissions from the industries, vehicle fuel combustion, and resuspension of road dust, also due to infficient waste management. The city's air is vonuerable due to its bowl-like topography preventing air particles being dispurshed. Some wear masks, and some don't. But if it feels right for you, wear it while walking in Kathmandu!

Emergency Telephone Numbers for Kathmandu
Tourist police: 4247041
Police: 100
Teaching Hospital: 4412303 and 4412404
Nepal International Clinic: 4412842


HOTELS IN NEPAL Kathmandu

Hanuman Dhoka and Kathmandu Durbar Square:  Top  
 It is the site of the Hanuman Dhoka Palace Complex, which was the royal Nepaleseesidence until the 19th century and where important ceremonies, such as the coronation of the Nepalese monarch, still take place today. The complex of palaces, courtyards and temples that are built between the 12th and the 18th centuries by the ancient Malla Kings of Nepal. The palace complex is divided into two main chowks, or courtyards, and was initially constructed in the 16th century, although subsequent additions were Durbar Squaremade in the Shah (Gurkha) dynasty in the 18th century and by the Rana rulers in the 19th century. An intriguing piece here is the 17 th century stone inscription that is set into the wall of the palace with writings in 15 languages.It is believed that if anybody deciphers this entire inscription, the milk would flow from the spout, which lies just below the inscripted stone wall. Some people say that the inscription contains coded directions to a treasure King Pratap Malla has buried beneath Mohan chowk of Durbar Square. There are some of the interesting things to visit in this Square like, Taleju Temple, Kal Bhairab, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and the Jagnnath Temple.

Entrance fee Rs.300 per person
Pashupati Nath Temple: 
 It is situated 5 km Northeast of Kathmandu situated at the bank of the holy Bagmati River.The Temple of Pashupatinath, dedicated to Shiva in his incarnation, as lord of all animals- including man is Nepalís holiest and most important Hindus Temple. The Temple and the complex around it are revered by believers from Nepal and India as the holiest shrine of Hinduism. Shiva the most scared of Hindu gods is commonly worshiped in the form of a Shiva-lingam, a phallic symbol that is usually displayed atop a base called a yoni, symbol of female genitals. Pashupatinath, is always bustling with the activities of devotees and pilgrims, congregations attending funeral services (if you are lucky you can observe Hindu system of cremation). The Temple of Lord Pashupatinath stands in the middle of an open courtyard. It is a square shaped Pagoda Temple built on a single platform measuring 23.6m from the ground. There are gilt doors on all four sides of the Temple. Inside the Temple there is a narrow walk engulfing the sanctum from where one can have a closer view of the Shivalinga. Only Hindus are permitted to enter the main courtyard of the temple. Tourists other than Hindu can view the temple from the eastern side of the Bagmati River. By the way, Bagmati River is not wide at all, either with brave waters.
Entrance fee Rs.500 per person
 
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Swyambhu Nath Stupa:  Top  
 It is situated 2 km west of Kathmandu city, near the Bishnumati river. Swayambhunath Stupa goes back to the legendary beginning of the Kathmandu Valley. The legend says that when the bodhisattva Manjushri drained the waters oSwayambhu Nath Stupaf the lake to reveal the Kathmandu valley, the lotus of the lake was transformed into the hillock and the blazing light became the Swayambhu stupa. The main gate of the stupa leads to the steep stairs, which is indeed a traditional ancient pilgrim route. It's really wonderful to climb up the worn stone steps, 365 in all,that leads straight up to the top, where Swayambhunath's painted eyes peer down at all comers.
The hillock offers a commanding view of Kathmandu city. On clear days, one can even view a line of Himalayan peaks. The view is splendid at dusk as city lights flicker one by one, and even better when a full moon hangs in the sky.

Entrance fee Rs.250 per person
Buddha Nath Stupa: 
 It is situated about 6 km to the east of Kathmandu, which is the biggest stupa in the Valley. The stupa, well known as Khasti, is also known as the World Heritage Site. It looms 36 meters high and presents one of the most fascinating specimens of stupa design with hundreds of prayer wheels and 108 small images of Buddha all around.Bouddha Nath Stupa
The legend says that King Man Dev belonging to the Lichhabi dynasty built the ancient colossal Chhorten in the 6th century AD. It rests on a series of three terraces and from the bird's eye view it takes the relevant shape of a lotus flower, which indeed remains a very holy object for the devout Buddhists of the entire world. The Chhorten is surrounded by a circular market, which forms a part of Tibet Town. In this case also the four directions, meaning to keep a diligent watch over the people and their commitments all day all night. The Chhorten embraces the authentic philosophy of Mahayan the faith of which is known as Lamaism in Sikkim, Ladakh, Bhutan and Tibet.

Entrance fee Rs.250 per person
 Budanil Kantha Temple: 
 It is situated about 8 km north of Kathmandu valley, at the base of Shivapuri hill. The temple onsists of a pond in which lies a 5 meter (17 feet) long great stone figure of the Hindu god Vishnu reclining on the coils of a cosmic snakes. The huge statue of sleeping Vishnu is carved from the single block of black stone of a type not found in the valley. It is believed that ages before the two hardworking farmers (husBudanilkantha Templeband and wife) discovered the statue when they were ploughing their field. Besides Budhanilkantha temple, there are other two sets of exactly similar, but smaller statues of 'sleeping Vishnu' in the Valley. One set is in the Balaju garden and the other is hidden in the old garden of Hanuman Dhoka Palace of Kathmandu city. A prophetic dream of King Pratap Malla generated the belief that the King of Nepal should never visit Buddhanilkantha temple on threat of death. He then built the similar statue in two places. Early morning is the best time to visit the temple. The priest performs daily puja around nine o' clock in the morning. 
Dakshanikali Temple:  Top  
 The temple of Dakshinkali is situated about 18 km. south from Kathmandu and just 2 km. of Shekha Narayan. It is dedicated to one of the most important Hindu Goddess Kali and is one of the most popular places of worsDakshain Kali Templehip in Kathmandu. Pilgrims visits this temple to offer their prayer and animal sacrifices to the goddess. The shrine is especially crowded on Tuesdays and Saturdays when animal sacrifices are offered to the deity. Besides, this place has been developed as a popular picnic spot and the nearby, is a lovely temple to the Tantric Goddess Bajrayogini and a meditation cave of the Buddhist teacher "Guru Rimpoche" (Padmasambhava).

Shekha Narayan is situated between Chobhar and Dakshinkali the temple of Shekha Narayan represents one of the four Narayans of the Kathmandu Valley. The other three Narayans are Changu Narayan of Bhaktapur, Visankhu Narayan of Patan and Ichangu Narayan of Kathmandu.
For further information regarding reservatin of hotels in Pokhara, Lumbini, Chitwan, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur & Nagarkot and Trekking all over NEPAL call or write us at our email address. puspa@mos.com.np
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